Poverty is of course about a lack of money, but it is also about a lack of resources both in the cultural and social sense. I live in a small village of 1800 citizens. Outside of myself, the retired doctor and the soon to be retired notary (both of which can’t hope to sell their houses) there are simply two kinds of the working class: those with secure jobs and those that traverse the revolving doors between work, UI and welfare. You can literally determine who is who by their smile.
To break this cycle we would need real institutional robustness. You can give all the training opportunities you want to the poor but if they show up at a job interview missing their two front teeth; well let us just say it is not the winning smile. At this level of concrete observation the labour market functions more like a market in chattel slaves. But even if we gave all these people a smile the labour market in which they are stuck would just change the vectors of discrimination. The truth is there is a permanent oversupply of this quality of labour and outside a real intervention by the state there will always be an oversupply: capitalist labour markets just can’t afford to hire all these bodies whatever the cost per hour may be.